THE RARE BEAUTY OF AUBUSSON IS NOW ACCESSIBLE!
Since the 14th Century, genuine Aubusson carpets have been made only in France – that is until 11 years ago. At that time, American designers brought the technique, the art, and the age-old weaving practices to China. Genuine Aubusson carpets are now being hand-woven with the same traditional process that has been practiced in the village of Aubusson since the 14th Century.
Aubusson are the result of the successful collaboration between the artisans, who compose the cartoon, which is a life-size hand painted rendering of the Aubusson, and the weavers in China, who translate the cartoon, using their sense of style and understanding of the history of Aubusson.
Hand-woven on a loom, Aubussons are composed of a warp and a weft. A warp is a series of strong cotton threads stretched taut between two rollers. The weft of colored wool is passed over the warp thread. All that is seen in a completed Aubusson is the wool weft, made up of the different colored yarns forming the decorative pattern. What distinguishes an Aubusson from other types of manufactured carpets is that the weft threads are not taken all the way across the width of the warp, but only across that part of the warp where the leaf or petal of a flower or other design is being woven. When weaving an Aubusson weave, the weaver individually shades and defines each petal of a flower or design before moving on to the next.
Aubussons are woven with multiple strands of colored wool. This allows for very subtle shading. While at the loom, the weaver is able to choose from an array of colors in order to achieve the effect of a painting. The bobbins, filled with blended yarn colors in hundreds of variations, sit next to the weaver. She chooses the exact shade at her discretion. With nimble fingers, the bobbins are pushed through and over the warp, delivering the proper amount of color to the subject at hand. Minute increments of color allow the range needed to create the subtle shadings and crisp detail found in the original Aubussons developed in 4th Century France.
Aubussons are made in sizes consistent with the antiques, from 4 x 6 through 14 x 20.